Digi2: a PoC app for DigiD

2016/02/07

digi2-PoC-screenshots1

DigiD is the Dutch national digital identity solution for citizens to use e-government services (and online health and pension-related services). It is quite popular actually, in 2015 there where 12 million citizens that had a DigiD, on a population of a bit of 17 millions. Also the amount of logins had increased significant over the year, with over 200 millions logins in 2015. InnoValor did a project in 2015 to make a proof-of-concept app for DigiD that can 1) serve as replacement of SMS as second-factor, 2) can be used with government mobile app and 3) is more secure than current DigiD because it can use the contactless chips in e-passports etc as second factor. We did this project for and with DUO (government organisation responsible for student enrolment, student finance etc), in collaboration with RDW (government organisation responsible for driving licenses, vehicle registration etc) and Logius (government organisation responsible for DigiD).

The below blogpost is written jointly with Jan Kouijzer from DUO and gives details. It is in Dutch and includes links to videos with a demo. It appeared earlier (7 December 2015) on https://innovalor.nl/digi2-een-proof-of-concept-app-voor-digid/.

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FIDO and its place in the eID ecosystem

2015/01/29

FIDO-BYOAuthn-BYOId

FIDO stands for Fast Identity Online. FIDO is a new authentication specification that makes it easier to integrate with and re-use non-password authentication means: what-you-have and what-you-are. The specification was published in a v1.0 version last December by the FIDO Alliance, which unites an impressive list of large companies (e.g., Microsoft, Google, Samsung) and smaller authentication companies (e.g., Authasas, Yubico, Nok Nok Labs) to “define an open, scalable, interoperable set of mechanisms that supplant reliance on passwords to securely authenticate users of online services”.

Last Friday (23 January 2015) PIMN organized a seminar on FIDO,  which was fully booked with a waiting list even. In this blogpost I’ll summarize what I learned and what I presented on “FIDO and its place in the identity ecosystem”.

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Re-usable identities instead of different passwords everywhere

2014/10/14

wachtwoorden-postits

Below is a blog post in Dutch on re-usable identities instead of different passwords for all websites. The trigger for the blogpost is that Hold Security released the Dutch (or actually, .nl) part of the logindata/emailadresses that they discovered to be hacked. The NCSC (National Dutch Cyber Security Centre) IMHO focusses to much on educating users to prevent this, contrary to fnding/promoting solutions such as re-usable identities, including the Dutch eID Stelsel NL (similar to NSTIC in the US).

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Crowdsourcing a higher Level of Assurance for digital identities

2014/06/23

crowdsurfing-LoA-wordle

 

[cross-posted from IDnext website/news]

Two-factor authentication is becoming more and more popular. In the ‘old days’, it was mostly used by companies and online banking. Very few other services bothered users with two-factor authentication. But now, with new services providing access to privacy-sensitive information and/or becoming more important to us, service providers are becoming increasingly concerned about the identity of the people that they are authenticating – are they really the people they say they are? They feel the need to use two-factor authentication, even if it is costly and if it means that they risk annoying users.

The industry developed the Level of Assurance concept as a means of checking the trustworthiness of a digital identity. A digital identity is determined by the authentication means, such as a smartcard, text message, one-time password etc., and the registration process. The latter is often neglected, despite being very important. It is often also really expensive as well as annoying for the users. Ideally, doing a face-to-face check should be part of any correctly completed registration process. This is expensive, as it involves hiring skilled professionals, providing a working space and so on. Moreover, it annoys users, as it requires them to go somewhere and take action. Obviously, the expense depends on how the registration process is organised, and on its scale, but will cost between € 10 and € 100 per user.

Reusable identities are useful as the user goes through the process only once and can then authenticate himself to many services. The costs can be divided among the services and the user only gets annoyed once. Standards that define discrete levels are available in order to communicate the trustworthiness of a reusable identity. In Europe, the STORK levels are probably the most commonly used standard, although strictly speaking it is not a standard but a project deliverable edited by my colleague, Bob Hulsebosch.

Bob was tasked with writing the STORK levels with government issued/approved digital identities in mind, since the STORK project is about federated national digital identity solutions. For the higher levels of assurance, this means a strict face-to-face process. But the costs of many user types, such as age verification or insurance services, are too high. During the last three years or so, we also worked with clients on more ‘creative’ registration processes to provide the necessary level of assurance without resorting to face-to-face checks. This is partly because in the Netherlands, there is no re-usable identity available for consumer-to-business services (only government-to-consumer services). Typically, this creativity makes use of one or more derived identities. By “derived” I mean that we use a previously established identity, even without the permission of the issuer of that identity.

One example of how this process is used is the banking sector in which the user transfers a set amount of money. PayPal works in this way. We combine these derived identities with remote verification steps such as using an NFC app to read the ICAO chip that is in everyone’s passport.
We are now collaborating with SURFnet, part of Géant3plus’ Open Calls programme, to explore a new creative direction: crowdsourcing Levels of Assurance. We are basing our approach on the web of trust concept, as used in PGP for example. In this concept, users can vouch for other users, thereby creating a decentralised way of building up trust. We do this for users in an interfederation, re-using existing trust relationships wherever possible, such as those in social networks and PGP. We have a first prototype in which users authenticate themselves to an “Attestation Service” and then link their LinkedIn account (and PGP key) to their federation account.

The Attestation Service contacts “Helpers” from, in this case, the users’ LinkedIn networks to explicitly vouch for the identity of the user. The more contacts the users have, the higher the Level of Assurance. We are evaluating the prototype to determine our highest STORK level, including how to apply the concept to specific attributes such as mobile phone numbers.


PayPal and Dutch banks as identity provider

2014/04/10

loginwithpaypalbutton

Today I received an email from PayPal to inform me on updates they are making in their legal terms related to “Log in with PayPal”. That PayPal wants to be an identity provider is nothing new, but this update was a good reason to blog about opportunities for Dutch banks to introduce innovative services in the area of digital identity. See below the cross-post in Dutch from the InnoValor website on this subject.

PayPal en banken als inlogmethode

Paypal heeft vandaag aanpassingen aan de gebruikersovereenkomst bekend gemaakt. Opvallendste voor mij was de toevoeging van “PayPal als inlogmethode”, oftewel, PayPal als identity provider. PayPal is overigens al langere tijd zich aan het positioneren als identity provider. ”PayPal als inloginmethode” is erg vergelijkbaar met hoe Facebook Connect of andere social logins werken, je logt in bij een wesite van een derde partij door op een button te klikken die je browser redirect naar bijvoorbeeld Facebook waar je inlogt met de gebruikersnaam/wachtwoord die je gebruikt voor Facebook. Qua user experience en werking niet heel veel anders dan DigiD overigens. Geen nieuwe wachtwoorden voor elke site, minder gedoe met registreren etc. Voor de techies: PayPal gebruikt OpenID Connect hiervoor, DigiD gebruikt SAML.

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Step-up authentication as-a-Service

2013/01/07

IDentity-as-a-Service (IDaaS) was a hot topic in 2012 (e.g., this blog post of Dave Kearns), and probably will continue to be so in 2013. In a project for and with SURFnet (Dutch NREN) Novay designed a IDaaS-like service to make existing identities more trustworthy: Step-up authentication as-a-Service. (No idea more to abbreviate this: SuaaaS?)  The Step-up authentication as-a-Service we designed addresses this need by making it possible to increase the trustworthyness (put differently: increase the level of assurance) of identities in an existing identity federation. The service addresses both the technology and the process/registration side: a second factor authentication and an additional face-2-face check who this digital identity (and second factor) actually belongs to.

From a user perspective, the service has a self-service interface to register a second factor (see mockup below), an interface for the identity providers for user management (see second mock-up below) and of course every time a step-up authentication is needed the user is re-directed to the Step-up authentication as-a-Service to authenticate with this second factor.

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Tooling and methologies for privacy & security in the cloud

2012/08/12

We recently finished a project on privacy& security in the cloud for SURFnet (Dutch NREN, responsible for the Dutch research network and middleware services on top of this). Basically, we supplemented work of others that focussed on the contractual and legal perspective with a more technology perspective. We listed what an organisation can do themselves to improve privacy & security when taking applications to the cloud, focussing on authentication, autorisation, provisioning/account management and encryption. Below a more eloborate blog post in Dutch.

Zelf zorgen voor security en privacy in de cloud

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